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IQSE AMO/QO Seminar Series


"Single-photon superradiance and radiation trapping by atomic ensembles"


Anatoly Svidzinsky
Department of Physics & Astronomy, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA

ABSTRACT 

Collective nature of light emission by atomic ensembles yields fascinating effects such as superradiance and radiation trapping even at the single-photon level. Photon emission is influenced by virtual transitions which lead to collective frequency shift (Lamb shift). For large samples light emission is also affected by time retardation due to the finite value of the speed of light. In my talk I will review results on collective photon emission obtained in our group during last 10 years. In particular, I will discuss how virtual and nonlocal effects modify dynamics of the atomic system yielding peculiar temporal features in the state evolution and present recent findings for superradiant and trapped states of two dimensional atomic shells. I will also show that quantum mechanical evolution equations describing single-photon emission (absorption) by atomic ensembles can be written in a form equivalent to the semiclassical Maxwell-Bloch equations which substantially simplifies treatment of the problem. Finally I will discuss some experiments on superradiance and radiation trapping.


Tuesday, September 19, 2017
IQSE Seminar Room , 12:00 Noon
(578 MPHY)


Institute for Quantum Science and Engineering
Texas A&M University

(Sandwiches, salad, and soda to be served at 11:45 a.m.)